The superbug found in India for the first time ten years ago has now spread to the Arctic. The superbug is antibiotic resistant gene (ARG), on which no antibiotic drug shows affect. Such ARGs produce resistance to more than one drug in different micro-organisms (MDR).
According to scientists, for the first time, an ARG named NDM-1 was found in New Delhi. It was coded from the resistive gene BLANDM-1. Superbug BLANDM-1 was found in 2008 for the first time in a Swedish patient of Indian origin, but by 2010, it had reached Delhi’s water. Since then, this superbug has been found in more than 100 countries. In many places its new variants have also been found.
Professor David Graham of Newcastle University of Britain said that the polar region is one of the last prevalent ancient ecosystems on Earth, which provides a platform to mark the background before antibiotic era. From this, we can understand the progress of antibiotic-resistant pollution. Encroachment in such areas as Arctic reinforces the fact that the spread of antibiotic resistance has become much faster and far-reaching.
It should be seen globally instead of locally. There are some antibiotics that are able to fight against bacteria that are resistant to drugs. Founding of BLANDM-1 and its related genes on the arctic is a matter of concern.
131 superbugs found in Svalbard’s soil
According to a study published in the Environmental International Journal, analyzing DND of soil samples at eight places in the Kongsfjorden area of Svalbard Island of Arctic, there were 131 ARGs found there. Scientists believe that BLANDM-1 and other ARGs found in the stomach of various organisms and humans will probably reach here through the Arctic birds and tourists.